On September 23, 2021, as part of a larger reconstruction effort by Infonavit following the 2017 earthquakes in Jojutla de Juárez, Morelos, Mexico, the architectural firm OMA New York designed a new pedestrian bridge.
It reconnects the eastern zone and downtown Jojutla, which had suffered both structural and environmental damage. The 4th anniversary of the earthquake will mark the beginning of redevelopment efforts for the project.
Shohei Shigematsu, OMA Partner, says “We are beginning to face natural disasters more frequently and the wide-ranging impacts demand more public spaces and resources to be integrated into resiliency design. In the wake of Mexico’s recurring earthquakes, the Jojutla Bridge aims to restore infrastructure as well as the spirit of community. Its two datums simultaneously reconnect not two, but three, fractured neighborhoods, anticipate disasters beyond earthquakes by mitigating potential flooding, and provide new amenities to revitalize people’s relationship to a river that’s currently feared or overlooked.”
Running north-south and dividing Jojutla’s urban center, the Apatlaco River was among the most affected areas.
The earthquake of September 19, 2017 revealed the brittle infrastructure of the city and its relationship to the Apatlaco River houses built on edges of the river collapsed due to weakened structure; the major drainage line of the city running over the river suffered persistent fractures and its segments destroyed; open spaces, that would otherwise serve as open public parks and amenities, were left behind and taken overcome with landfill; and preexisting lack of access to cross the river was exacerbated by the destruction of a main bridge, severing mobility.
The absence of intervention along the river edges leave the surrounding neighborhoods vulnerable to flooding.
OMA New York designed a bridge to facilitate a much-needed link between currently disconnected communities, create a new commercial axis, and transform the riverbank into a rehabilitated zone of activities in an effort to transform the Apatlaco River into a community resources rather than a threat.
A linear bridge is bent into a shape—dodging private properties, crossing the river twice, and anchoring itself to three distinct points of the city: Panchimalco, a colony south of the municipal capital; the blocks at the bottom of Pacheco alley, in close proximity to the historic center; and the Juarez neighborhood, the most central but most damaged by the earthquake.
Its form is akin to a large I-beam, giving way to a double-decker concrete structure. Its upper deck simultaneously provides a higher datum in anticipation of water level rise and shade for the dedicated pedestrian and bicycle paths below. The “flanges” allow for a wide surface for occupiable spaces in addition to mobility.
Along the entire length of the bridge, the I-beam’s “web” is perforated. Its habitable openings of various scale operate as undefined spaces, benches, stairs, and doors accommodate a diversity of activities, pace, and access. Windows open up the bridge to its surroundings and frame the landscape around it.
In addition to Jojutla Bridge, OMA New York’s ongoing public space and resiliency projects include the 11th Street Bridge Park in Washington, DC; the Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge comprehensive urban water strategy for Hoboken, New Jersey; and The ReefLine in Miami Beach, Florida.
Images courtesy of OMA.