As the global restoration economy continues its explosive growth, China is (finally) adopting the strategy of revitalizing places by reusing and renewing existing buildings, rather than simply tearing them down and constructing new ones, which is horrendously wasteful of energy, and destructive of heritage.
With their concept for the conversion of a disused stainless steel factory in the Baoshan district of Shanghai, the architects at von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) in Hamburg, Germany were able to win the international competition for this project.
The 860-meter-long factory with its distinctive basic structure, including the characteristic ventilation towers on the roof, will be retained and fitted out to accommodate the Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts.
The Baowu Stainless Steel factory in the Wusong industrial area started operations in 1986 and, for 30 years, played an important part in China’s steel production.
Having been vacated in 2016, the monumental building has now been designated for conversion into the main location of the Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts, a focal point of the art quarter that is currently being created on the site of the former industrial estate.
The art academy, which is part of Shanghai University, is one of the country’s key institutions for the study of art and for international art exchange.
Here’s what gmp says about their project:
The conversion of the stainless steel factory, designed by gmp, is currently one of the most important reuse projects in an urban context.
The basic structure of the industrial building will be retained.
Using Cor-Ten steel frames, an access corridor will be created in the core of the building, running from east to west along the central axis for the entire length of the 860-meter-long building.
These new frame elements resonate with the existing industrial architecture—the dark concrete and the dark steel framing.
There are five points where the axis can be crossed by north-south traffic: three pedestrian intersections and two cross-over points for motorized traffic. At these points the corridor is built in the form of a bridge.
The distinctive structures on the roof are integrated in the design as space-defining roof lights that give the corridor a certain rhythm along its entire length.
The facades will be opened up and replaced with large glazing panels and metal mesh as a second skin.
The design includes important energy-conserving devices for the air conditioning of the building, such as the activation of the existing natural roof ventilation, the new double-skin facade, and floor channels that provide natural cooling to the inlet air.
With its approximately 220,000 square meters of gross floor area, the new art academy will include all important teaching facilities as well as studios, a publicly accessible forum with restaurants and retail areas, a library, sports facilities, a museum, and more exhibition areas.
In the future, 600 teaching staff and 4000 students will teach and learn here, many of whom will come from abroad.
All images courtesy of gmp.