On October 24, 2022, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection’s Office of Climate Resilience announced thatfour regional groups in New Jersey released regional climate action plans in advance of the 10th anniversary of Superstorm Sandy.
Hopefully, they won’t suffer the usual fate of plans. As an American Planning Association executive once told me (Storm Cunningham) when I asked him to formally define a plan, “a plan is a list of crap no one ever looks at.”
“We know firsthand from the major impact of Hurricane Sandy and other weather-related incidents, that the best resiliency strategy is to have strong community connections. This community-driven action plan process reinforces those foundations and bolsters our ability to keep Newark moving forward,” he continued.
The Resilient NJ plans are an outgrowth of a National Disaster Resilience Competition award to New Jersey, intended to advance regional planning in areas most impacted by Sandy. The plans set forth resilience actions across 24 communities in the four regions. It’s the kind of effort that would likely benefit greatly from the use of the new revitalization and resilience-building tools now being offered by the RISING PLACES initiative.
Developed by community leaders and residents in consultation with teams of expert advisers provided by the DEP, the regional action plans prioritize actions and strategies, identify funding sources, set timelines, and identify opportunities to enhance regional and community resilience in the face of increasing threats from climate change and sea-level rise.
“For too long, the public has thought of climate impacts as a problem happening somewhere else, to someone else, and at some time in the future,” said New Jersey Chief Climate Resilience Officer Nick Angarone.
“But we know that the threats are happening here and now. The key to the success of the Resilient NJ effort is putting local decision-makers at the helm to ensure that these plans take root. Resilient NJ provides the critical resources and technical assistance to empower our communities to develop an informed, innovative, and implementable vision of their resilient future,” he added.
These planning efforts are critical to New Jersey communities. It is projected that a Sandy-like storm surge event occurring in 2070 could cause $45 billion in property damages in these four regions alone. By comparison, Sandy caused $30 billion in damages statewide.
“Our communities are on the front lines of dealing with the impacts of climate change – and each one faces unique challenges,” said Environmental Protection Commissioner Shawn M. LaTourette. “These communities are to be commended for taking this critical step toward solutions that will help them become more resilient.”
Regional Action Plan Details:
Northeast New Jersey Region (Jersey City, Newark, Bayonne, Hoboken, and Hudson County):
- Infrastructure actions to address flooding from coastal storms and rainfall, with new storm surge barriers that double as walkways and large-scale drainage expansions aligned with other major infrastructure projects in the region.
- Green infrastructure and ecological solutions such as living shorelines along Newark Bay and policy changes to allow increased stormwater storage in green space.
- Expanded emergency communications channels, waste reduction and storm basin maintenance to reduce back-ups, and ongoing community and youth education.
- A network of resilience hubs, or community facilities, to safely shelter residents and provide resources and information in emergencies such as floods. A hub at the Ann Street School in the Ironbound neighborhood of Newark has been selected for funding through the FEMA Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) grant program.
Raritan River and Bay Communities Region (Middlesex County, Carteret, Woodbridge, Old Bridge, Sayreville, South River, South Amboy, and Perth Amboy):
- Waterfront infrastructure to protect low-lying historic and densely populated downtown areas, while also allowing for recreational use and public access.
- A coastal flood barrier that doubles as a pedestrian and biking path along the Arthur Kill waterfront, and an elevated flood wall to serve as a raised harbor walk along the Raritan Riverfront.
- Nonstructural recommendations, including an extensive outreach campaign on flood risk awareness, changes to zoning and ordinances, and the use of buyouts.
- Encourage mixed-use development outside of the floodplain near Metropark train station.
Long Beach Island Region (Long Beach Township, Beach Haven, Ship Bottom, Surf City, Harvey Cedars, and Barnegat Light):
- Policy and outreach such as developing a climate education program, establishing resilience zoning codes, and creating flood mitigation design guidelines.
- A conceptual plan developed for the popular commercial district of Bay Village offering innovative green infrastructure solutions that may be implemented not only there, but on other applicable sites across the island.
- Living shorelines, green streets, expanded stormwater detention, and floodable spaces.
- Enhanced island-wide ecosystem connectivity using roadway improvements and flow path channels.
Atlantic County Coastal Region (Ventnor, Margate, Longport, Atlantic City, Brigantine, Pleasantville, Northfield, and Atlantic County):
- A Living Bay Master Plan and a Bayshore Continuous Shoreline Protection Study to leverage private investment for implementation of shoreline protections and a blue/greenway trail along Absecon Bay.
- Innovative infrastructure such as stormwater management parks and a feasibility study of “blue/green streets” that utilize networked green infrastructure, pervious surfaces, and structural soils to convey stormwater.
- Hardening existing above-grade utility poles and burying utilities where possible, installing new pump stations and back-up generators in key low-lying areas to improve stormwater management and sewer systems, elevating evacuation routes, and improving emergency preparedness planning and outreach efforts to engage socially vulnerable populations.
- Increased use of parking-lot and rooftop solar arrays and an analysis to identify the most appropriate locations in the region for siting solar powered community microgrid systems to reinforce local power distribution in the event of disasters.
Resilient Action Plans Background:
The Resilient NJ: Regional Resilience Action Plan effort was funded by the National Disaster Resilience Competition. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) awarded New Jersey with a grant to advance regional planning initiatives in the nine counties designated Most Impacted and Distressed from Hurricane Sandy by HUD. Sandy devastated many parts of the state on Oct. 29, 2012.
“The Resilient Northeastern NJ project is an outstanding regional collaboration which has engaged experts and community members together to identify the risks that we face and impacts we have endured from climate change and has produced an action plan detailing effective strategies to protect us in the future and enhance our quality of life. I look forward to working together in partnership across our region to implement these solutions,” said Kevin Force, a Resilient NJ Northeast Region steering committee member.
The funding led to the four innovative regional planning projects focused on addressing gaps in resilience planning and partnering with underserved and socially vulnerable populations to enhance the value and integrity of the ecological, recreational, and economic resources in the regions through a collaborative, community-led planning process.
“This project has been critical in providing a clear vision and roadmap for Hoboken to reduce flood risk impacts within our community caused by climate-related hazards. It has been a pleasure to work with such a talented team,” said Yasmine Pessar, a Hoboken RNJ Steering Committee member.
This effort brought together municipalities, local stakeholders, and community-based organizations to work with multi-disciplinary consultant teams comprised of planners, engineers, ecologists, designers, and other experts to address flood-related hazards at a regional scale in both riverine and coastal communities.
The Resilient NJ program has already paid dividends as three projects developed through the planning process were awarded more than $17 million from the FEMA Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) program. The three projects awarded BRIC funding are the Ironbound resilience hub in Newark, the Cottage Street flood mitigation project in Bayonne, and the 63rd Street pumping station power and flood resilience project in Bayonne.
Photo (courtesy of the U.S. Department of Defense) shows Hoboken in the wake of Superstorm Sandy.