In the Netherlands, Rotterdam-based design firm MVRDV has revealed its design for De Oosterlingen, a block of seven sustainable residential buildings on Amsterdam’s post-industrial Oostenburg Island.
“It will be a green complex that, in my view, is not only good for people but also for birds and insects,” says MVRDV Founding Partner Winy Maas.
“One building will be made of rammed earth, an ancient and sustainable building method; another will have a completely green facade. Nesting boxes for house sparrows, swifts and bats will also be integrated into various façades. They create a cute street in the best Amsterdam tradition, but much greener,” he continued.
The project is prominently located at the entrance to the island, which is a former industrial area rapidly that has been revitalizing into a lively residential district.
Designed for real estate developer Being, the buildings in the “barcode” composition form a clear family, but each has its own character, with varying heights, roof shapes, and façades made of wood, glass, recycled brick, or biobased composite.
Amsterdam Oostenburg has a rich history. Since 2017, the neighborhood has transformed into a lively city district in which the industrial history remains plainly visible, with monumental quay walls, warehouses, and cranes preserved as part of the neighbourhood.
De Oosterlingen will be located at the entrance to the island, next to the neighbourhood square. Real estate developer Being and the Amsterdam housing corporation Stadgenoot wanted a green, people-focused street that would form a striking entrance to the neighbourhood.
MVRDV designed seven adjoining, each with its own identity, its own living style organized around a collective space and rooftop, and its own contribution to greening the city. At one end is “the greenhouse” and then, in order, are “the beekeeper”, “the lump”, “the garden”, “the house”, “the rock”, and “the birdhouse”.
Together, the seven buildings comprise a green lab, or green expo. The buildings are stepped, with terraces leading up from the lowest buildings to the tower at one end. The roofs of the lower buildings will be activated with gardens, an apple orchard, urban farming, or a rooftop forest. In addition to these “low-tech” solutions which help generate very low emissions, there are also numerous practical interventions to achieve a holistic sustainable vision.
Emulating the area’s historical warehouses, a number of these façades open up by means of folding shutters and canopies, as well as balconies and other features that appear as if they have also been created by “folding” the building’s skin.
The folding, sliding and hinging create a lively palette of facades, each notably different from the others yet still related. In addition to their solar and thermal quality, the shutters, canopies, and sliding doors also offer privacy to residents – they can open and close the façade as they please.
The human dimension is a central consideration in the scheme; walking routes have been designed so that residents can easily meet each other, promoting a sense of community. The complex has both lively and calm zones to provide suitable spaces for everyone.
The redevelopment will comprise 144 homes for a variety of renters and owners, with 1,000 m2 of space reserved in the plinths of the buildings for various facilities, including catering establishments, a shop for healthy food, a small private cinema for 12 people, and a social impact factory intended for companies involved in social entrepreneurship.
Construction is expected to start in late 2022.
All renderings courtesy of MVRDV.